Philippine Curriculum

Philippine Curriculum

The Philippine curriculum is referred to as K -12 Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum. It aims to enhance learners’ basic skills, produce more competent citizens and prepare graduates for lifelong learning and employment. “K” stands for Kindergarten and “12” refers to the succeeding 12 years of basic education (6 years of elementary education, 4 years of junior high school, and 2 years of senior high school).

It gives students the chance to choose among three tracks (i.e. Academic; Technical-Vocational-Livelihood; and Sports and Arts) and undergo immersion, which provides relevant exposure and actual experience in their chosen track.

Key Features

The Philippine Curriculum covers 13 academic years, namely:

  • Kindergarten Level (1 year)
  • Elementary Level (Grades 1-6 or 6 years)
  • Secondary Levels
    • Junior High School (Grades 7-10 or 4 years)
    • Senior High School (Grades 11-12 or 2 years)

Graduation Requirements

Philippine schools that adopt the curriculum including the Senior High School Program (Grades 11 and 12) are mandated to school-based assessments at the end of a term/grading period (Grades 1-10) and at the end of a semester (Grades 11 and 12).

The Department of Education (DepEd) conducts compulsory general assessments at the end of Grades 10 and 12 in the Philippines. The same assessments, however could be administered by Philippine Schools Overseas (PSO) upon request and expenditure shouldered by PSO-affliated schools.

Secondary certificate requirements:

Any graduating students at Grade 12 are awarded their secondary certificates upon:

  • Completion of all academic and non-academic requirements in the level
  • Passing successfully semestral examinations (written, practical and or
    alternative assessments)
  • Completion of area/work immersion/practical and culminating activity (research output)

How does a student achieve the Shahadat Al-Thanawiya Al-Amma (Equivalency)?

The following conditions for equivalency applies:

  1. Students must pass the UAE Ministry of Education Arabic Studies exam in Grade 12. This can be taken as either Native Arabic Studies (for students of Arab
  2. Nationality as shown on their passport) or as Non-Native Arabic Studies (for students of non-Arab Nationality as shown on their passport).
  3. Students must pass the UAE Ministry of Education Islamic Studies exam which is only applicable to Muslim students in Grade 12. This can be taken as either Native Islamic Studies (for students of Arab Nationality as shown on their passport) or as Non-Native Islamic Studies (for students of non-Arab Nationality as shown on their passport).
  4. The school has to apply the curriculum applied in their country of origin.
  5. The school has to synchronize their test schedules & timings with those of their native country.
  6. Certificates carrying the name of the school have to be issued by the Education Board or Ministry of Education of their native country.